Residence Rights And Citizenship Procedures of Foreigners in Turkey

With the residence permit, which is a permit required by international law, it is ensured that possible negative situations are prevented by protecting public peace and order and that the foreign nationals in the country are determined and controlled. Residence permit is a status that every foreigner who has to stay in Turkey for more than 90 days should obtain. The residence permit of a foreign national who obtains a residence permit but does not use it within 6 months is cancelled. Residence permit legal basis; Law on Foreigners and International Protection and Law No. 5683 on Residence and Travel of Foreigners in Turkey.

With the exception of foreign nationals who are exempt from residence permit, every foreign national who wishes to stay in Turkey for periods that do not include the visa period must obtain a residence permit. There are different residence permits depending on the purpose of the foreign national to stay in Turkey. The types of residence permits are as follows:

  1. Short-term residence permit,
  2. Long-term residence permit,
  3. Family residence permit,
  4. Student residence permit,
  5. Victim of human trafficking residence permit.

How to Obtain a Residence Permit?

It is extremely important for the foreign national to receive legal support from an experienced lawyer in order to avoid loss of rights, time and money by making mistakes in the application process of residence permit which includes external procedures and submitting the necessary documents. The online system is used to obtain a residence permit. Foreign nationals who want to receive residence permit can apply for a residence permit using the e-residence tab on the official website of the Directorate General of Migration Management.

After accessing the e-residence page, the “I lodge an application for residence permit for the first time” button should be selected, and the directed application form should be filled. After filling out the form, an appointment should be made from the Provincial Directorate of Migration Management. The e-residence page can also be used for an appointment to be made. The completed form should be printed out, signed, and submitted to the Provincial Directorate of Migration Management by adding to the documents required for obtaining a residence permit. After the result of the application, which is announced in 90 days, the permit document of the foreign nationals who are entitled to a residence permit is delivered to them by PTT cargo.

Documents Required for Obtaining a Residence Permit

The foreign national who wants to get residence permit must follow the residence permit application on the e-residence page which includes submitting the required documents to the Directorate by making an appointment with the Provincial Directorate of Migration Management. The required documents vary depending on the type of residence permit applied for. For this reason, it would be appropriate to explain the required documents separately for each type of residence permit. Firstly, the document required for short term residence permit are as follows:

  • Residence permit application form,
  • Original and photocopy of passport or equivalent document,
  • Biometric photo (4 pcs)
  • Financial statement,
  • Health insurance.

These documents must be submitted for a short-term residence permit. The documents required for student residence permit are as follows:

  • Residence permit application form,
  • Original and photocopy of passport or equivalent document,
  • Biometric photo (4 pcs),
  • financial statement,
  • Health insurance
  • student certificate,

The documents required for long term residence permit:

  • Residence permit application form,
  • Original and photocopy of passport or equivalent document,
  • Biometric photo (4 pcs),
  • financial statement,
  • Health insurance
  • The original of the stamped or signed document stating that social assistance has not been received in the last 3 years,
  • Document showing that it is registered on the address registration system,

The documents required for Family residence permit:

  • Residence permit application form,
  • Original and photocopy of passport or equivalent document,
  • Biometric photo (4 pcs),

With the same time, the documents to be submitted by the sponsor are:

  • Passport or equivalent document,
  • Original and photocopy of identity card,
  • Financial statement,
  • Health insurance for family members,
  • Residence permit document,
  • Criminal record,

A document showing that you are registered in the address registration system.

Importance of Lawyer in Residence Permit

There is a very comprehensive legal procedure in residence permit. In addition, the legislation regulating of residence permit is constantly updated. It is very difficult to follow the current legislation and to master the legal procedure required for a residence permit. For this, it would be much more accurate to get legal help from an experienced and professional lawyer.

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